Archive | August, 2013

Coping with stress

21 Aug

 

stress

It’s well-known that stress is a natural part of everyday life. It can cause physical, emotional, and behavioral disorders which affect your health, vitality, and peace-of-mind, as well as personal and professional relationships. We all handle stress differently, some better than others.

Here is a checklist of negative reactions to stress.  Read the sentences and convert them into questions, then answer them:

  • Minor problems and disappointments upset you excessively
  • The small pleasures of life fail to satisfy you
  • You are unable to stop thinking of your worries
  • You feel inadequate or suffer from self-doubt
  • You are constantly tired
  • You experience flashes of anger over a minor problem
  • You suffer from chronic pain, headaches, or back aches

What would you suggest for reducing and controlling stress in each situation?  

Read and match the following recommendations with each situation.

  • Be realistic. If you feel overwhelmed by some activities, learn to say No!
  • Shred the “superman / superwoman” urge.  No one is perfect, so don’t expect perfection from yourself and others.
  • Meditate for ten to twenty minutes.
  • Visualize how you can manage a stressful situation more successfully.
  • Take one thing at a time.  Prioritize your tasks and tackle each one separately.
  • Take on a hobby that will give you a break from your worries.
  • Live a healthy lifestyle with good nutrition, adequate rest, regular exercise, limited caffeine and alcohol, and balanced work and play.
  • Share your feelings with family and friends.  Don’t try to cope alone.
  • Give in occasionally.  Be flexible.
  • Go easy with criticism.  You may be expecting too much.

 

Answer

  • Do minor problems and disappointments upset you excessively?
  • Do the small pleasures of life fail to satisfy you?
  • Are you unable to stop thinking of your worries?
  • Do you feel inadequate or suffer from self-doubt?
  • Are you are constantly tired?
  • Do you experience flashes of anger over a minor problem?
  • Do you suffer from chronic pain, headaches, or back aches?

 

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Words that are both nouns and verbs

15 Aug

A

access
ache

act
address

aim
alert

answer
arrest

attack
auction

B

back
bail
balance
balloon
ban
bandage
bank

bare
bargain
battle
beam
bear
beat
bend

benefit
blame
blast
bleach
block
bloom
blow

board
bomb
bother
bounce
bow
box
bread

break
breed
broadcast
brush
bump
burn
buy

C

cake
call
camp
care
catch
cause
challenge
change

chant
charge
cheat
check
cheer
chip
claim
clip

cloud
clue
coach
color
comb
comfort
contrast
control

cook
coop
copy
cost
count
cover
crack
crash

crate
credit
crush
cure
curl
curve
cut
cycle

D

dam
damage
dance
deal
decay
decrease

delay
delight
demand
design
dial
die

dislike
display
dive
divorce
dock
double

doubt
drain
draw
dream
dress
drill

drink
drive
duck
dump
dust
dye

E

echo
email
end

escape
esteem

estimate
exchange

excuse
exhibit

experience
eye

F

face
fall
favor
fax
fear
feel

fight
file
fill
film
finish
fish

fix
flap
flash
float
flood
floss

flow
flower
fly
fold
fool
force

form
frame
freeze
frown
function

G

garden
gaze
gel

glue
grate
grease

grill
grimace
grin

grip
guarantee
guard

guess
guide

H

hammer
hand
handle
harm

harness
hate
head
heap

heat
help
hide
highlight
hike

hit
hold
hop
hope
hose

hug
humor
hunt
hurry

I

ice
impact

inch
increase

influence
insult

interest
iron

itch

J

jail

jam

joke

judge

jump

K

keep
kick

kiss
knit

knock
knot

L

label
land
last

laugh
lead
leap
level

license
lie
lift
light

limit
link
load
loan

lock
look
love

M

mail
make
man

march
mark
match
mate

matter
mean
measure
milk

mind
mine
miss
mistake

moor
move
mug

N

nail
name

need
nest

notch
note

notice
number

O

object

offer

oil

order

P

pack
pad
paddle
paint
park
part
pass
paste
pause

pat
pay
pedal
peel
pelt
permit
phone
photograph

pick
pine
place
plan
plane
plant
play
plow

plug
point
poke
pop
post
practice
praise
present

process
produce
promise
protest
pull
pump
punch
push

Q

question

quilt

quiz

R

race
rain
raise
rant

rate
reach
reason
record
reign

rent
repair
reply
report
request

rhyme
ring
riot
risk
rock

roll
row
ruin
rule
run

S

sail
sand
saw
scare
scratch
screw
search
season
sense
shampoo
shape
share
shelter
shock

shop
show
sign
signal
silence
sin
sip
skate
sketch
ski
slice
slide
slip

smell
smile
smirk
smoke
snack
snow
sound
span
spot
spray
sprout
squash
stain

stamp
stand
star
start
state
steer
step
sting
stop
store
storm
stress
strip

stroke
struggle
study
stuff
stunt
suit
supply
support
surf
surprise
swap
swing
swivel

T

tack
talk
taste
tear
tease
telephone
test

thunder
thought
tick
tie
time
tip

tire
toast
touch
tour
tow
trace
track

trade
train
transport
trap
travel
treat
trick

trim
trust
tug
turn
twist
type

U

upstage

use

V

vacuum

value

visit

voice

vote

W

walk
waltz
wake
watch

water
wave
wear
whip

whisper
whistle
wick
wink

wire
wish
work

worry
wrap
wreck

Y

yawn

yield

Z

zone

 

 

Ten things you can do for your mental health

15 Aug

emotion

  • What can we do to improve our mental health?
  • Have you ever done of these things? If yes, did they work for you?

Value yourself. Treat yourself with kindness and respect, and avoid self-criticism.  Make time for your hobbies and favorite projects or broaden your horizons.  Do a daily crossword puzzle or plant a garden, take dance lessons, learn to play an instrument or become fluent in another language.

Take care of your body. Taking care of yourself physically can improve your mental health.  Be sure to eat nutritious meals.  Avoid cigarettes, drink plenty of water, get enough sleep and exercise.  In fact, exercise has been shown to help decrease depression and anxiety and improve people’s moods.

Surround yourself with good people.  People with strong family or social connections are generally healthier than those who lack a support network.  Make plans with supportive family members and friends or seek out activities where you can meet new people such as a club, class or support group.

Give of yourself. Volunteer your time and energy to help someone else.  You’ll feel good about doing something tangible to help someone in need – and it’s a great way to meet new people.

Learn how to deal with stress. Like it or not, stress is a part of life.  Practice good coping skills: do tai chi, exercise, take a nature walk, play with your pet or try journal writing as a stress-reducer.  Also, remember to smile and see the humor in life.  Research shows immune system, ease pain, relax your body and reduce stress.

Quiet your mind. Try meditating or reaching out spiritually through prayer.  Relaxation exercises and prayer can improve your state of mind and outlook on life.

Set realistic goals.  Decide what you want to achieve professionally or personally, and write down the steps you need to take to realize your goals.  Aim high, but be realistic and don’t over schedule.  You’ll enjoy a tremendous sense of accomplishment and self-worth as you progress toward your goal.

Break up the monotony.  Although our routines make us more efficient and enhance our feelings of security and safety, a little change of pace can help perk up a tedious schedule.  Alter your jogging routine, plan a road-trip, take a walk in a different park, hang some new pictures or try a new restaurant.

Avoid drugs and alcohol.  Keep alcohol use to a minimum and avoid drugs.  Substance abuse is one of our society’s biggest health concerns.  Sometimes people use alcohol or other drugs to ‘self-medicate’ the symptoms of a mental disorder.  But in reality, alcohol and drugs only aggravate mental illness.

Taken and adapted from http://www.smhca.org/10_things.aspx

  • According to the article what should we do to improve our mental health?
  • Which of the things mentioned above would you choose to improve your life and why?

1.  Look at the words written italics.  Match them with their definitions. http://www.thefreedictionary.com

  1. Intensify, increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of something
  2. Perceptible by touch
  3. Gain or regain energy
  4. Too long, slow, or dull; tiresome or monotonous
  5. Point or direct (a weapon or camera) at a target
  6. Make (something unpleasant, painful, or intense) less serious or severe

2. Complete the table using missing word forms.

 

Noun

 

Verb

___

___

respect

criticism

___

___

___

connection

___

support

___

need

stress

___

___

research

laughter

prayer

___

meditation

___

change

abuse

value

treat

___

___

help

decrease

improve

___

lack

___

volunteer

___

___

practice

smile

___

___

___

improve

___

achieve

___

___

 

 

 

 

Answer

1.

  1. enhance
  2. tangible
  3. perk up
  4. Tedious
  5. Aim
  6. Ease

2.

 

Noun

 

Verb

value

treat/treatment

respect

criticism

help

decrease

improvement

connection

lack

support

volunteer

need

stress

practice

smile

research

laughter

prayer

meditation

change

abuse

achievement

value

treat

respect

criticize

help

decrease

improve

connect

lack

support

volunteer

need

stress

practice

smile

research

laugh

pray

meditate

change

abuse

achieve

 

Difficult words

3 Aug
Accept

Except

 

Advice

Advise

 

Affect

Effect

 

Among

Between

 

Bad

Badly

 

Good

Well

 

Lay

Lie

 

Loose

Lose

 

Than

Then

 

Who’s

Whose

A verb meaning “to receive”

A preposition meaning “excluding”

 

A noun

A verb

 

A verb meaning “to influence”

A noun meaning “result”; a verb meaning “to bring about”

 

Refers to three or more people or things

Refers to two people or things

 

An adjective, describes a noun or pronoun

An adverb, modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb

 

An adjective, describes a noun or pronoun

An adverb, modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb

 

“To put something down”, must be followed by a noun or pronoun

“To recline” or “to tell an untruth”

 

An adjective meaning “not securely fastened”

A verb meaning “to misplace”, “to rid”, “not to win”

 

A conjunction used in comparisons

An adverb denoting time

 

The contraction of “Who is”

A possessive pronoun

 

 

Tag Sale Bowl sells for $2.2 million

3 Aug

Yard sale bowl

  • What is a garage sale? What other names are used for it?
  • Is a garage sale common in your area?
  • Do you go “garage saleing”? If yes, what do you normally buy there?

I had never been interested in garage sales. To me, it was just a way some people used to get rid of all their unwanted junk. But recent event that took place in New York State made me think twice about it.

The whole story began in the summer of 2007, when one New York family went to a tag sale in their neighborhood. A rare Chinese bowl caught their attention and they bought it for $3. At that time, the purchasers had no idea that they had happened upon a 1,000-year-old treasure.

They displayed the bowl on a mantelpiece in their living room for several years before they became curious about its origins and had it assessed. To their surprise, their white three-dollar bowl, which measures just five inches in diameter, was valued by Sotheby’s – an art, jewelry, and collectibles auctioneer– between $200,000 to $300,000. The “Ding” bowl happened to be made during China’s Northern Song Dynasty, which occurred between the years 960 and 1127. It was a period that was well-known for its advances in technology, science, trade, and the arts. Ceramics that were made during this period are considered by some art collectors to be the most elegant in China’s history because of their pure glazes, forms, and simplicity. The bowl was described by Sotheby’s as “remarkable and exceptionally beautiful.” In addition to that, the only other known bowl of the same size, form and almost identical decoration has been in the collection of the British Museum in London for over 60 years.

After consulting with experts, the owners consigned the bowl for auction. At the auction in New York City, London art dealer Guiseppe Eskenazi came across the bowl and immediately recognized that it was valuable. However, three other art collectors also wanted the bowl! But Eskenazi stood his ground and ended up placing the winning 2.2-million-dollar bid on the bowl.

The owners of the bowl must have been thrilled to bits when they found out that they became millionaires overnight by investing $3 at a tag sale. So this story made me change my mind about tag sales and now I have a good reason to bypass the mall and head for the nearest tag sale this weekend.

http://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2013/chinese-works-of-art-n08974/lot.94.html

1.  Look at the words written in italics. Match them with their definitions.  http://www.thefreedictionary.com

a. consider and reconsider carefully

b. to maintain or stick by an opinion or position

c. offer (a certain price) for something, esp. at an auction

d. suddenly

e. extremely pleased

f. to eliminate or discard

g. a public sale in which goods or property are sold to the highest bidder

h. old or discarded articles that are considered useless or of little value

 

2. Read the following sentences and decide whether they are true (T) or false (F).

 a. The author has never been into tag sales.  ……

b. A tag sale is an event for the sale of new things.   ……

c. The owners knew exactly how much the bowl was worth in 2007.   ……

d. The bowl is more than 1000 years old.   ……

e. Guiseppe Eskenazi was the only one who knew the value of the bowl.   ……

Answer

garage sale, also known as a yard salerummage saletag salelawn saleattic salemoving salegarbage salethrift sale or junk sale

1.

a. “consider and reconsider carefully”   –   think twice

b. “to maintain or stick by an opinion or position”   –   stand one’s ground

c. “offer (a certain price) for something, esp. at an auction”   –   bid

d. “suddenly”   –   overnight

e. “extremely pleased”   –   thrilled to bits

f. “to eliminate or discard”   –  to get rid of

g. “a public sale in which goods or property are sold to the highest bidder”   –   auction

h. “old or discarded articles that are considered useless or of little value”   –   junk

2.

 a. F

b. F

c. F

d. T

c. F